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    T.R. Kraus (Bearb.), Regesten der Reichsstadt Aachen (Joseph P. Huffman)

    Francia-Recensio 2009/3 Mittelalter – Moyen Âge (500–1500)

    Regesten der Reichsstadt Aachen (einschließlich des Aachener Reiches und der Reichsabtei Burtscheid). Bd. 6. Datierte Stücke: 1396–1400. Undatierte Stücke: 1351–1400. Bearbeitet von Thomas R. Kraus, Düsseldorf (Droste Verlag) 2008, XLII–603 p., ISBN 978-3-7700-7631-4, EUR 79,00.

    rezensiert von/compte rendu rédigé par

    Joseph P. Huffman, Grantham

    In less than a decade (1999–2008) Thomas Kraus, director of the Stadtarchiv Aachen since 1997, has produced the final four volumes of this series, whose first published volume (volume II) was originally scheduled to appear almost a century before (in 1917). Given the frequent hiatuses in the production of the first two volumes (1937, 1961) and since then, Dr. Kraus has been by far the most productive contributor to this »Regesten« series and has done a signal service to the scholarly community by so rapidly bringing this languishing project to conclusion. Though the choice to end the series at the year 1400 is less ambitious than originally envisioned, it has enabled the series to be revived and given a feasible terminus.

    Compared with volumes four and five, this sixth and final volume is narrower in timeframe (covering only the years 1396–1400) as well as in geographical reach. While previous volumes included a vast range of archival collections from as far afield as Budapest, Gdansk, St. Gall, Vienna, and Zürich, this volume’s reach retains its central focus in Germany with a more northward and eastward focus on archives in Belgium, the Netherlands, Oslo, and Poland. As in his earlier two volumes, Dr. Kraus’ thoroughness appears in the number of entries (473) existing for this mere four-year period of time. And the extensive nature of the »Orts- und Personennamenregister« (76 pages), »Sachregister« (16 pages), and »Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis« (26 pages) makes this volume accessible, fulsome and very user friendly. Entries are provided chronologically and include a summary description of contents, including important names, places and concepts with original Latin terminology in italics. This is rounded out with archival and published locations for the source, condition of surviving seals, and evidence for dating.

    This volume of otherwise modest dimensions is more than doubled in size by the inclusion of section of undated documents from the last half of the fourteenth century – a substantial 519 additional entries on 283 pages. These enrich the collection immensely and are roughly dated based on internal evidence in the documents themselves. Altogether then around one thousand charters and dated writings comprise this sixth volume.

    All sorts of historians interested in Aachen and the Rhine-Meuse region during the late fourteenth century will find this edition extremely valuable, whether their interests are political, economic, social, religious, legal, or even cultural. Not only are Aachen’s external relations with the emperor, the duke of Jülich, the archbishop of Cologne, regional princes, and allied cities (in the midst of their cycle of feuds and Landfrieden settlements) richly represented, but so are the city’s internal affairs between Rat , Schöffen , and Bürgermeister such as political alliances, economic measures (e.g. prices, weights, and quality regulations), and there can be found even the stuff of daily life in religious houses, churches, hospitals, and among sojourning pilgrims. In particular one can find much information on Aachen’s important cloth trade, and the currencies documented here reveal the European-wide extent of Aachen’s trade relations from nearby Cologne and Düren but also from Erfurt, Goslar, England, Tours, and Vienna; francs from France; guilders from Florence, Holland, Gelderland, Mainz and the Rhineland in general; Heller from Schwäbisch Hall, moutons from Brabant and Maastricht; and Botdrager from Flanders, just to name the majority of coins mentioned. There is also an abundance of business between Aachen and other cities (Cologne in the main) related to settling their own citizen’s debts and imprisonments (the two were often related).

    Dr. Kraus’ four volumes have markedly improved the quality and scope of this »Regesten« series and completed it in a remarkably short period of time. For all these reasons we can be thankful for his work, which invites us to further research discoveries in its use.

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    PSJ Metadata
    Joseph P. Huffman
    T.R. Kraus (Bearb.), Regesten der Reichsstadt Aachen (Joseph P. Huffman)
    CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0
    Spätes Mittelalter (1350-1500)
    Deutschland / Mitteleuropa allgemein, Frankreich und Monaco
    6. - 12. Jh.
    4071332-5 4023287-6
    Fränkisches Reich (4071332-5), Handschrift (4023287-6)
    PDF document kraus_huffman.doc.pdf — PDF document, 101 KB
    T.R. Kraus (Bearb.), Regesten der Reichsstadt Aachen (Joseph P. Huffman)
    In: Francia-Recensio 2009/3 | Mittelalter – Moyen Âge (500–1500)
    URL: https://prae.perspectivia.net/publikationen/francia/francia-recensio/2009-3/MA/kraus_huffman
    Veröffentlicht am: 12.11.2009 13:15
    Zugriff vom: 07.08.2020 14:53
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